Grade 6 Milestones: English Home Language – Language Structures and Conventions

This month, we conclude our series on Grade 6 English Home Language milestones. These articles are a survey of the scope of the CAPS curriculum. We have covered the listening and speaking milestones, we have considered reading and viewing, and we have looked at the writing and presenting components. All of these topics are included in the Grade 6 year of school.

In the future we also plan to look at the Grade 6 maths milestones.

For interested parents, we have also looked at various other milestones for grades one and two as well. In time we hope to cover what milestones you can expect for all the grades. Japari’s aim and passion is to see all remedial learners at all stages grasping their schoolwork. We love seeing remedial learners succeeding and grasping these concepts.

Grade 6 Language Structures and conventions categories

In the sixth grade, scholars must reach English Home Language milestones in four main categories. These are: word-level work, sentence-level work, spelling and punctation, and word meaning.

Word-level work

In this category, Grade 6s will learn about various types and functions of words.

In the first term, sixth graders learn about nouns and tenses. The nouns they learn about include both common nouns (insect, canine, skyscraper) and abstract nouns (such as love, joy and intelligence). Conjunctions, prepositions and interrogative pronouns – what, which, who, whose, whom – are explored and used.

The grade 6s then interact with stems, prefixes and suffixes in term 2. They move on to learn about finite verbs and infinitive verbs. Auxiliary verbs are also covered this term. The learners will survey attributive adjectives – the blue sea, rather than the sea is blue.

In the 3rd term, sixth graders are taught more about interrogative pronouns. They also learn about indefinite and demonstrative pronouns. Gerunds – nouns of verbs, such as “his running” – are also covered. Their learning also includes connecting words, further tense work, and predicative adjectives (the sea is blue, rather than the blue sea).  The students will go into more depth regarding stems, prefixes and suffixes. The syllabus covers moods in writing. They also learn more about adjectives, adverbs and participle verbs this term.

Term 4 brings the Grade 6s to adverbs of frequency, duration and degree. They then move onto adverbs of place, manner and time.

Students will be able to recognise, understand and effectively utilise all these in their own writing.

Sentence-level Work

Grade 6 students will learn about subject-verb agreement in the first term. They will also grasp how to write reported speech. Learners will also be taught the simple past, present and future tense. They will learn how to form both simple and complex sentences. They also learn to form their own statement, question and command sentences effectively.

Term two sees 6th graders delving deeper into the subject-object relationship in sentences. They move on to past, present and future continuous tense. The Grade 6 learners also explore present perfect tense eg. “I have seen that movie before.” They will also master simple past tense (the boy kicked the ball).

In term 3, the Grade 6s start with learning more about simple past, present and future tense. They will also grow in their comprehension of the past perfect and future perfect tenses. This term sixth graders master active and passive voice (the man stood on the mat; the mat was stood upon by the man). They further explore and utilise direct and indirect speech.

In the fourth term, grade 6s continue learning about direct and indirect speech. They will also perfect their use of compound and complex sentences. They will also cover noun and verb phrases and clauses.

The learners are taught all these topics with the aim of making their own writing more effective.

Word meaning

This year the sixth graders explore a variety of linguistic devices. They are taught about synonyms and antonyms. They also look at proverbs, metaphors, and idioms. This year also covers alliteration, consonance, and assonance. The students will learn about similes and personification as well.

They will also delve into understatement, double and multiple meanings, and ambiguity. They will learn about puns and onomatopoeia, and be able to recognise the use of symbols in what they read.

All of these will also be used in the grade 6s own writing, making it more interesting and of a higher standard.

Spelling and Punctuation

Throughout the year, sixth graders will be using their dictionaries. There will be specific dictionary exercises and the expectation that they will turn to them whenever they need to.

Grade 6 English Home Language Milestones

The entire year will see the grade 6s revisiting and mastering full stops, commas, colons, and semi-colons. They will also implement the use of question marks and exclamation marks. To help with spelling, they will learn word division. They will learn the proper use of quotation marks. Commas will be explored and understanding refined and deepened. By the end of the year, they will have mastered parenthesis and contractions.  

Japari’s success with Grade 6 remedial learners and English

Japari loves taking students to achieving their best. We value reading and produce students that love it too. With our focus on Grade 6 English Home Language milestones, our pupils will be ready to excel in Grade 7 English.

With all these English skills, we want to see remedial learners that can read and write well. We have a long history of success with learners that have barriers to learning. We equip them to function even in mainstream environments. Most of our students graduate to non-remedial high schools. After being with us, they can cope and lean into their strengths.

Call us today to see how we can partner with you to see the best results for the remedial students in your life. We accept year-round enrolment and would love to meet you soon.

Bibliography/Further Reading:

https://www.education.gov.za/Portals/0/CD/National%20Curriculum%20Statements%20and%20Vocational/CAPS%20IP%20%20HOME%20ENGLISH%20GR%204-6%20%20WEB.pdf?ver=2015-01-27-160412-720

https://learnenglish.britishcouncil.org/grammar/english-grammar-reference/present-perfect

https://www.grammarly.com/blog/simple-past/

https://www.lsi.edu/en/future-perfect-tense

https://www.wallstreetenglish.com/exercises/direct-and-indirect-speech-exercises

https://www.twinkl.co.za/teaching-wiki/simple-compound-and-complex-sentences

https://www.anderson1.org/cms/lib04/SC01000609/Centricity/Domain/377/figurativelanguagekit.pdf

https://www.nightzookeeper.com/curriculum/punctuation/grade-6

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